Though threading a sewing machine is an easy and simple task, it is hard for a beginner. It is a job that you have to do frequently while sewing your shirt or dress. You should have fluency in threading the machine. If you do it for some days, you will get into doing it, and it will be gradually easier for you.
In the beginning, learn how to thread a sewing machine and do the practice. Then, it will be easy to be fluent in it. But, if you do it wrong from the very first day, it will be harder to improve your skill. That is why you should get into it by learning it step by step.
How To Thread A Sewing Machine
You have to thread on the upper and lower part of your sewing machine. Two of the threads make one sewing line into your clothes. When you start to work on a sewing machine for the first time, you should check the manual to find out if there are some differences in the threading process. At first, learn the general technique of threading your sewing machine.
Step-1: Wind the Bobbin
Most of the time, bobbins are empty, and you have to fill them with your desired colored thread. Some machines may provide filling it for the first time. If your bobbin is empty, you have to wind it. You may want to wind more than one bobbin to make all the preparation if you need more than one thread.
There is a threaded pin at the top part of your machine. Place a spool of thread that has the necessary color. Now pull the thread towards the left side of the engine and attach it to the thread guide. Then wind it clockwise on the pretension disc. Put the thread through the small holes of the bobbin and incorporate it several times around the bobbin’s central pillar using your hand simply. Now see that there is a bobbin winder pin at the top right side of the machine. Keep the bobbin on it. Run the foot pedal of the device. The bobbin will be winding and run the pedal till the bobbin is full. Cut the thread after filling the bobbin.
Step-2: Set the Bobbin
There is a bobbin case under the needle in a small compartment. You have to place the bobbin in that compartment. It will supply the lower thread to your sewing machine. Lift the needle and the presser foot and open the cover of the bobbin case. You will see an arrow pointing to the way to place the unspool bobbin. Now, load the bobbin into the bobbin case. Before closing the bobbin case cover, pull out the bobbin thread end and pass it through the tension spring of the machine. The lower thread is set.
Step-3: Set the Upper Thread by Placing the Spool
Setting up of thread to the upper part takes a technique. Follow the instruction below to set it correctly.
- At first, locate the spool pin or spool holder or thread pin, which is right in front of you at the upper part f the machine. It is generally set on the left side. However, it can be on the right side on some devices.
- Place a spool on the spool pin. Now, you have to pull the end of the thread from that spool and turn it to the left side of the machine to thread it through the thread guide.
- There are two deep grooves in the machine. One at the front part of the machine, and the other is at the left facet. You have to pull the thread from the thread guide under it towards the deep front groove. Then again, pull that thread upwards to the left deep groove.
- This deep groove is known as the take-up lever, and it is made of a metal hook. First, you have to wrap the thread from the other groove around the take-up lever. Now pull that thread downward again to the sewing machine needle.
- This is the time to threading the needle. Carefully thread the needle eye by turning the end of the thread from front to back. Keep pulling it through the needle eye until it is gone at least a few inches otherwise. It will get out from the eye automatically. Some machines have an auto needle threader. If not, you will find a manual on threading the needle eye. If you do not understand how to do it, check the manual.
- After setting the upper thread and the bobbin, you have to connect the needle position button. To do it, slowly lower the needle downward and, after reaching down, pull it upward again. This movement will help the needle to catch the thread which has come from the bobbin. Now pull it in such a way that it makes a loop. Set a flat thing under the needle. It can be a ruler. Put both the thread strands away from the place of stitching. Now it is ready to stitch.
Check Stitching Before Beginning
Before beginning stitching your dress or clothes, you should test. It will make sure that everything is right and the thread is set correctly. It is wise to run at least one test before stitching for new stitch selection. So let’s know how to test stitching.
- At first, you have to choose a stitching process from the machine’s diagram. Set the dial by turning it in the right direction. Before turning the dial, select the stitch length. The stitch length should be between 2.2 mm to 2.5 mm, as it is suitable for most stitching processes.
- You do not need to change the tension at the newly started machine or do not set it. There is a line on the dial, and the tension is already correctly set on this line. It is proper for most of the stitching processes. Under that line, you can move it to tighten or loosen the tension, if needed.
- Now, to run the stitching test, place a fabric under the presser foot. Practice putting the right edge of the fabric or the line or mark that you made on the material. It will help you to stitch correctly at the right place. You have to place the fabric mark or edge right at the spot of the throat guide. It is the mark that means the distance of the needle from the fabric at the default settings.
- After arranging the fabric correctly, start stitching. Hold the threads on the rear, then put the presser foot down. Now, turn the wheel and lower the needle to sew. While stitching, hold the thread trails by the left hand. You have to move the fabric as the seam going on. You should not pull it or push it. By rushing the material, stitching will be wrinkled.
- You have to reverse stitching at the start to secure the seam. To do it, push the reverse button to change the stitching direction. You have to do it after stitching three to four times in the right direction. Then, while switching it, go back stitching two or three times, holding the reverse button. After stitching reversely, release the button and then again repeat stitching forward.
- After stitching a line, finish it with the trimming process. When sewing a line is complete, stop the balance wheel by your hand. Raise the presser foot too. Now, remove the fabric from the needle side and trim the end of the thread. Make sure that the thread end is close to the last stitch. Otherwise, there will be an extra thread at the stitching ends.
While stitching, if you see that the left side stitching is wrongly coming, you have threaded it wrong. Or, the bobbin setting is incorrect. When you know that you are stitching wrong, you have to rethread again from the very start. The problem can be with the tension too. At the newly started machine, tension is correctly set. After using it for months, it automatically can be changed or loosen. So, you should put it right.
Choose The Right Thread
Choosing the right thread is a crucial matter to match the stitching to the fabric correctly. It is also critical for the machine’s safety too. A good quality thread is suitable for your material and or the machine too.
There are various types of threads in the market. The all-purpose polyester thread is good, and it matches ell almost all material fabric. If the fabric is different, try to use a similar material thread. It can be stretched or heavyweight fabric. The thread should be like that. If the fabric is 100% cotton, the cotton thread is perfect to use. Try to match the thread weight on the material too. It will help in long-lasting sewing too.
When you are getting instruction on the sewing pattern or stitching process, you will find an instruction on the type of thread too. Try to match the color of the fabric. If you can not do it, select a line that is one or two shades darker than the fabric. It should not be lighter than the fabric as the more lightweight colored thread will be seen as awkward outside the fabric. So, choose the thread depending on the fabric material and color.
Frequently Asked Question
Threading the sewing machine is quite a difficult job. While doing it, you may have some questions in your mind. Learn the answers and be doubt-free while working on a sewing machine.
Q: Why the sewing machine cur the thread while stitching?
Ans: There are several reasons for it. When upper thread tension is too tight, it can cut the thread. The wrong spool setting can also be the reason. The bobbin should also be evenly wound and at least 80% complete. Make sure all these are rightly set. The spool capsizes should also be proper.
Q: What direction of threading a needle is right?
Ans: The correct direction of passing the thread to the needle hole is always from the front to back. You should not twist the thread while setting it to pass through the needle eye. It will turn the stitching line. Though the needle eye is a tiny hole, it should be straightly given.
Q: What is the correct tension of the sewing machine?
Ans: the dial of the tension is starting from 1 and lasts to 9. The default tension setting is at 4.5. it is perfect for the normal straight stitching process. It generally suits all types of fabrics. However, for the zig-zag stitch or some overall stitching process, it may need to be changed a little.
Q: Why threading becomes so challenging for some new machines?
Ans: Some models of the sewing machines may have the standard silver presser foot. On these machines, threading in a needle is difficult. It is easier in the white presser foot. If there is an automatic threading system, the problem is solved. If not, you can put a liquid paper on the foot holder that is behind the needle. It will fix the problem, and you will be able to thread now.
Q: Does the bobbin thread pass the needle hole?
Ans: No. The bobbin thread comes from the bobbin case that is in the bottom part of the machine. It may come through the needle plate, but it does not pass through the needle eye. Instead, it makes a loop with the upper thread and stitch.
If you do not know how to thread a sewing machine, you must learn it at first. It may be difficult at the beginning. But, after some practice, it becomes easy. For sewing your favorite fabric, you have to know to use the sewing machine and threading it. Thread comes from the bottom and upper part of the machine and secures the material nicely. So, using a sewing machine is better to stitch the clothes. So, learn the threading technique and make a fantastic design for your clothes.